Almond is a respected, highly caloric and nutritious fruit, both in domestic and foreign markets. The fruit contain high quality fats, proteins, carbohydrates and minerals. In addition to great use in culinary art, its significant role in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. In order to achieve good quality almond requires a lot of light and heat during the ripening of fruits. Blossom in January, is gentle, and has a delicate flower, that can fail due to the January frosts and strong northerly winds. For almond is very important to have a sufficient amount of water at a time of intense growth of vegetative and generative organs (shoots and fruits). Among all fruits almond ca best withstand the drought. Almonds are suited for deep-drained sandy loam or loamy soils, which are rich in humus, minerals, and have a neutral, weakly acidic or weakly neutral reaction. Almonds have a very developed root that can penetrate up to 4 m depth.